Constitutional Parts | Parts of the Constitution of India

Important notes for Constitutional Parts | Easy notes for Parts of the Constitution

Dear candidates here we present you the section of Parts of the Constitution of India in Indian polity as some of the questions can be raised from this portion too. It is easy and short topic and can be learned easily and quickly. We are providing you with the necessary notes on Constitutional Parts. The candidates are suggested to learn the topic whole as we already have provided the necessary notes according to the competitive exams’ point of view.

Important notes regarding different Parts in Constitution of India:

Constitutional Parts

Part- I (Article 1-4)
  • Deals with territory of India, formation of new states, alterations, names of existing states.
Part- II (Article 5-11)
  • Deals with various rights of citizenship
Part- III (article 12-35)
  • Deals with fundamental rights of Indian citizens. [art.-31 dealing with the right to property was deleted by 44th amendment]
Part- IV (article 36-51)
  • Deals with Directive principles of State policy
Part- IV-A (article 51A)
  • Added by 42nd amendment in 1976. Contains the duties of the citizens.
Part- V (article 52- 151)
  • Deals with the govt at the Union Level. (Duties and functions of PM, Ministers, President, attorney general of India, parliament- Lok sabha & Rajya sabha, Comptroller & auditor General)
Part- VI (article 152-237)
  • Deals with govt at State level. (Duties & functions of Chief minister & his ministers, Governor, State Legislature, High Court, Advocate General of the state)
Part- VII (article 238)
  • Deals with states, was replaced in 1956 by the 7th amendment
Part- VII (article 239- 241)

  • Deals with union Territories
Part- IX
  • Consists of 2 types:
  1. Added by 73rd amendment in 1992. It contains a new schedule ‘Schedule Eleven’. It contains 29 subjects related to Panchayati raj. (they have been given administrative powers)
  2. Added by 74th amendment in 1992. Contains a new Schedule ‘Schedule Twelve’. It contains 18 subjects related to Municipalities (they have been given administrative powers)
Part- X (article 244, 244A)
  • Deals with scheduled and tribal areas
Part- XI (article 245- 263)
  • Deals with relation between union and states
Part- XII (article 264- 300A)
  • Deals with distribution of revenue between union and states, appointment of finance commission (Article 280), contracts, liabilities etc.
Part- XIII (article 301- 307)
  • Relates to Trade, commerce and intercourse within the territory of India.
Part- XIV (article 308- 323)
  • Deals with UPSC and Public service commissions.
Part- XIV- A (article 323A, 323 B)
  • By 42nd ammendment in 1976. Deals with administrative tribunals set by parliament to hear disputes and complaints regarding Union, States or Local govt employees.
Part- XV (article 324- 329)
  • Deals with elections (also election commission)
Part- XVI (article 330- 342)
  • Deals with special provisions for Scheduled castes and scheduled tribes & anglo- Indian representations.
Part- XVII (article 343- 351)
  • Relates to official language
Part- XVIII (article 352- 360)
  • Deals with emergency provisions
Part- XIV (article 361- 367)
  • Exemption of criminal proceedings for their official acts as president & governors
Part- XIV (article 368)
  • Deals with amendment of constitution
Part- XIV (article 369- 392)
  • [article- 369 gives temporary powers to the parliament to make laws for state list]
  • [art.- 370 deals with containing temporary provisions of J&K- Restricts the Parliament to make laws for that state]
Part- XIV (article 393- 395)
  • Concerns the short title, commencement and repeal of the constitution

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