Important notes for President of India in constitution of India | Article, Qualification, Election etc regarding the role of president in the Constitution
So here we are providing the necessary short and important notes regarding the role and responsibilities of the President in the Constitution of India. According to the Part V of the Constitution which is the UNION which is under chapter I (The Executive) and it lists out the qualification, election and impeachment of the President of India. The President of India is the head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the formal head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of India and is also the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces. Although Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the President can exercise his or her powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive authority vested in the President are, in practice, exercised by the Council of Ministers (CoM).
Acc to- Part-V of constitution- Chapter I-
Article 52: The President of India
There shall be a President of India.
Important notes for President of Indian constitution
- Must be citizen of India
- Should have completed 35 years in age
- Eligible to be a member of lok sabha
- Must not hold any Government post. Exceptions:
- President and Vice President
- Governor of any state
- Minister of union of state
- Indirectly elected through ‘Electoral college‘ consisting of elected members of both the Houses of Parliament and Elected members of legislative assemblies of the states. (no nominated member).
- Security deposit Rs 15000/-
- Supreme court inquires all disputes regarding the president’s election
- Takes Oath in presence of Chief justice of India or in his absence senior most judge of Supreme Court.
|Terms & Emoluments
- 5 years of term
- Article 57 says that there is no upper limit on the no of times a person can become President
- Can give resignation to Vice- president before full-term
- Present salary 1 lakh per month (including allowance & emoluments)
- Quasi- judicial procedure
- Can be impeached only on the ground of violation of constitution
- The impeachment procedure can be initiated in either house of the parliament
- In case the office falls vacant due to death, resignation or removal, the vice-president acts as president. If he is not available then chief justice, if not then Senior most judge of supreme court shall act as a President of India.
- The election is to be held within 6 months of the vacancy
- Appoints PM, Ministers, Chief justice and Judges of Supreme Court and High Courts. Chairman and members of UPSC, Comptrollerand Auditor General, attorney General, Chief Election Commissioner and other members of Election commission, governors, Members of finance Commission, Ambassadors etc.
Can summon and prorogue the sessions of the 2 houses and can dissolve Lok Sabha
Appoints Finance Commission [after every 5 yrs] that recommends the distribution of taxes between Union & state Govts.
The President of India can promulgate 3 types of emergencies:
- National Emergency [Article 352]
- State Emergency (President’s rule) [article 356]
- Financial Emergency [Article 360]
- He is the Supreme commander of the Defence Forces of India.
- President appoints Chiefs of army, Navy & Air Force.
- Declares wars & concludes peace subjects to the approval of the Parliament.