Supreme Court of India in the Indian Constitution

Easy notes for Supreme Court of India | Indian constitution notes

Candidates preparing for Civil services competitive exams are meant to learn polity necessarily. the constitutional questions are also asked in Some State governmental jobs too. The Supreme Court of India is one of the topics of Indian polity from which questions are asked. so here we present simple and important facts about Supreme Court of India according to exams’ point of view.

Important notes for supreme court of India

  • Stands at the apex of the judicial system of India
  • Consists of Chief Justice & 25 other judges
  • The senior most judge of the Supreme court is appointed as the Chief Justice of India. Other judges are appointed by the President after consultation with such judges of the Supreme Court and of High Courts as the President may deem necessary.
  • Citizen of India
  • Have been a judge of High Court for 5 yrs or

  1. An advocate of High Court for 10 years minimum
  2. In President’s view, a distinguished jurist of the country
Term & Salary
  • The Chief Justice & others judges hold office till 65 years of age.
  • Can give resignation to the President.
  • can be removed by parliament
  • After retirement, a judge of Supreme court cannot plead or act before any authority
  • Salary : Chief Justice- 33000/- per month Other judges- 30,000/- per month
Removal of judges
  • A motion seeking the removal of the judge can be preferred before either House of the Parliament
  • The resolution should be supported by a majority of total membership of both the houses & by 2/3 majority of the member present & voting
Jurisdiction of the supreme Court
  • Original Jurisdiction: The supreme Court settles all disputes between Centre- State, State-State etc
  • Writ Jurisdiction: Every individual has the right to move the Supreme court directly by appropriate proceedings for the enforcement of his Fundamental Rights.
  • Advisory Jurisdiction: If the President seeks the advice of Supreme court, it is duty bound to give its opinion. (it’s opinion isn’t a binding on President)
  • Revisory Jurisdiction: The Supreme Court under Article 137 is empowered to review any judgement or order made by it with a view to remove any mistake or error that might have crept in the judgement or order
  • it is a court record as its decisions are of evidentiary value & cannot be questioned in any court
  • The Supreme Court also enjoys the power of judicial review as it can ensure that laws passed by legislature and orders issued by the executive do not contravene any provision of the constitution
  • The Supreme court decides disputes regarding the election of the President and the Vice- President
  • the Supreme Court recommends the removal of members of UPSC to the President.


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