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The Governor in the Constitution of India

Easy and important notes for the Governor of Indian constitution | Different topics of Indian Polity

Candidates who are preparing for the government sector examinations need to prepare for different sections and the candidates preparing for civil services competitive examinations like UPSC, SSC, CDS etc and state govt exams too have questions from constitution. The governor is one of the important topics to be covered by candidates to get good scores. So the simple and important notes of The Governor is given below:

Important Notes of the Governor:

Qualification
  • Citizen of India
  • Completed 35 years of age
  • Should not be a member of either house of the Parliament or the State Legislature
  • Must possess the qualification for membership of State legislature
  • Must not hold any office of profit
Status
  • Nominal executive head in states
  • Normally each State has its own Governor, but under the Seventh amendment act, 1956, the same person can be appointed as Governor of the Union territory
  • Appointed by the President on the recommendations of Union council of ministers
  • His usual term of office is 5 yrs but he holds office during the pleasure of President. He can be asked to continue for more time until his successor takes the charge
  • Can give his resignation or can be removed earlier by the President. The legislature of a state or a high court has no role in the removal of a Governor
  • Salary from the consolidated fund of the state (rs 75000/- per month) and is not subject to the vote of State legislature. When the same person is appointed as Governor of two or more states, the emoluments and allowances payable to him shall be allocated among the states in such proportion as determined by the president of India
  • His oath is administered by Chief justice of the concerned state high court and in his absence, the senior-most judge of that court.
Powers
  • Appoints Chief minister, council of ministers, chairman & members of state public service commission, advocate general of the state and election commissioner of the state
  • Summons, Prorogues 7 dissolves the state Legislature
  • President consults governor while appointing chief justice and other judges at High court. Appoints judges of courts below the high court
  • Reports to the president if the state Govt is not running constitutionally and recommends the President’s rule (article 356). When the President’s rule is in progress, he becomes the ‘agent of the union Govt in the state’. He takes over the reigns of administration directly into his own hands and runs the state with the aid of the civil servants.


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